Targets and assessments are key in a teacher’s classroom. A teacher must utilize targets to set goals for what they want their students to learn and how they want them to learn it. Targets help teachers specify how and when they can help students develop skills and understand important course content. When creating targets, it is best to use sentence starters such as “I can” or “I will” which helps students better understand what they need to learn. There are two main types of targets: long-term and short-term. Long-term targets are to be achieved over the course of a longer unit, semester, or the entire year. Short-term targets are to be achieved in a shorter amount of time such as during an activity or after a few classes. In order to keep targets focused, teachers should use the ABCD approach, which stands for Audience and Behavior, Condition, and Degree.
Assessments are also very important in the classroom. They tell teachers where their students are and what they still have to learn. Assessments should be developed at the beginning of a lesson and the lesson is designed around the assessment. This way the lesson is designed to make sure the students are learning everything they need to learn for the assessment. There are three types of assessments that should be used at different points in the learning process: diagnostic, formative, and summative. Diagnostic assessments are used at the beginning to gauge what students already know. Formative assessments are used continually throughout the learning process in order to monitor student learning. Summative assessments are used at the end to summarize what the students have learned.
Personally, I think its best to use formative assessments often that way the students are exposed to potential test material, and it give the teacher an idea of what the students are learning. With formative assessments, teachers can adjust their lessons to better fit the students’ needs to make sure the students are learning everything they need to learn in order to perform well on a summative assessment. I also think summative assessments are important because they tell the teacher what the students have learned in the unit and what may need to be reviewed before starting the next unit. Overall, assessments are very important, not only to the teacher but to the district. Assessments can be used by a district to evaluate how a teacher is performing.